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antimony compounds information

Antimony compounds information The term hydride is used in a generic sense to indicate compounds of the type M x H y and not necessarily to indicate that any compounds listed behave chemically as hydrides In compounds of antimony where known the most common oxidation numbers of

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antimony compounds information
antimony compounds information

Antimony Compounds 7440360 Hazard Summary Everyone is exposed to low levels of antimony in the environment Acute shortterm exposure to antimony by inhalation in humans results in effects on the skin and eyes Respiratory effects such as inflammation of the lungs chronic bronchitis and chronic emphysema are the primary effects noted from

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antimony compounds information
antimony compounds information

Antimony trifluoride and antimony pentafluoride are the only two antimony compounds of commercial significance Although antimony forms stable mixed halides such as SbCl 4 F SbCl 3 F 2 SbCl 2 F 3 SbClF 4 Sb 2 F 11 and polymer SbCl 4 F 4 these forms have remained a laboratory curiosity

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antimony compounds information
antimony compounds information

Antimony itself and many of its compounds are highly toxic Although not as prevalent the poisoning of this element causes similar effects like arsenic poisoning It can cause headache body pain and dizziness and if its concentration rises poisoning could result in a type of violent and frequent vomiting and may even lead to death

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antimony compounds information
antimony compounds information

Highly purified antimony is used in semiconductor technology to prepare the intermetallic compounds indium aluminum and gallium antimonide for diodes and infrared detectors Antimony compounds especially the trioxide are widely used as flame retardants in paints plastics rubber and textiles

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antimony compounds information
antimony compounds information

Antimony is a nonessential element in humans animals and plants Its toxicity highly depends upon chemical form and oxidation state with III compounds exerting greater toxicity than V compounds Antimony compounds show toxic properties similar to those of arsenic

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antimony compounds information
antimony compounds information

Antimony is used in the semiconductor industry for infrared detectors Halleffect devices and diodes The metal and its compounds also used in batteries bullets cable sheathing flameproofing compounds glass ceramics paints and pottery Tartar emetic has been used in medicine Antimony and many of its compounds are toxic

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antimony compounds information
antimony compounds information

Antimony and its compounds were known to the ancients and there is a 5000year old antimony vase in the Louvre in Paris Antimony sulfide Sb 2 S 3 is mentioned in an Egyptian papyrus of the 16 th century BC The black form of this pigment which occurs naturally as the mineral stibnite was used as mascara and known as khol

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antimony compounds information
antimony compounds information

In excess air it burns to antimony tetroxide Chemical compounds Antimony forms chemical compounds in three oxidation states 3 3 and 5 3 compounds are called antimonides They are made by reacting antimony with other metals They react with acids to make the toxic and unstable gas stibine 3 compounds are the most common

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antimony compounds information
antimony compounds information

as predicted by thermodynamic calculations Antimony can be reduced and methylated by microorganisms in anaerobic sediment releasing volatile methylated antimony compounds into the water Multiple microorganisms have been found to methylate antimony in the soil and water and other anaerobic environments

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antimony compounds information
antimony compounds information

Antimony is the fourth member of the nitrogen family and has a valence shell configuration of 5s 2 5p 3A recommended exposure limit for antimony compounds of 05 mgm 3 as Sb has been given Stibine SbH 3 is a colorless poisonous gas having a disagreeable is the only well‐characterized binary compound of antimony and hydrogen

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antimony compounds information
antimony compounds information

Antimony forms chemical compounds in three oxidation states 3 3 and 5 3 compounds are called antimonides They are made by reacting antimony with other metals They react with acids to make the toxic and unstable gas stibine 3 compounds are the most common

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antimony compounds information
antimony compounds information

Antimony is also found in chemical compounds such as antimony II sulfide With regards to its properties antimony is a poor conductor of both heat and electricity Described as brittle it can

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antimony compounds information
antimony compounds information

Information on applicable regulatory frameworks is also automatically generated and may not be complete or up to date It is the responsibility of the substance manufacturers and importers to consult official publications eg the electronic edition of the Official Journal of the European Union

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antimony compounds information
antimony compounds information

Antimony compounds are used as flameretardants and in paints glazes for ceramics specialty glasses and semiconductor materials The sulfide Sb 2 S 5 is a rubber additive Tartar emetic a complex antimony tartrate of formula KC 4 H 2 O 5 SbOH 2 · ½ H

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antimony compounds information
antimony compounds information

ANTIMONY AND COMPOUNDS 93 CHAPTER 4 CHEMICAL AND PHYSICAL INFORMATION 41 CHEMICAL IDENTITY Antimony Sb is in the fourth row of group 5A IUPAC group 15 in the periodic table residing between arsenic and bismuth Antimony displays four oxidation states 3 0 3 and 5 The most common and

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antimony compounds information
antimony compounds information

Chemical properties The most important compounds are antimony oxides ie antimony trioxide and antimony pentoxide Antimony trioxide is slightly soluble in water Other lessimportant antimony compounds include antimony pentasulfide antimony chloride antimony potassium tartrate antimony trichloride antimony trisulfide and antimony hydride or stibine

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antimony compounds information
antimony compounds information

Antimony Statistics and Information The natural sulfide of antimony was known and used in Biblical times as medicine and as a cosmetic Antimony in its elemental form is a silvery white brittle crystalline solid that exhibits poor electrical and heat conductivity properties

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antimony compounds information
antimony compounds information

Use of the information documents and data from the ECHA website is subject to the terms and conditions of this Legal Notice and subject to other binding limitations provided for under applicable law the information documents and data made available on the ECHA website may be reproduced distributed andor used totally or in part for noncommercial purposes provided that ECHA is

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antimony compounds information
antimony compounds information

Uses of antimony An alloy of lead and antimony is used in batteries low friction metals small arms and tracer bullets cable sheathing as well as other products Other compounds of antimony are also used to make paints glass pottery and ceramics

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antimony compounds information
antimony compounds information

Antimony The ‘Substance identity’ section links substance identification information from all ECHA databases The substance identifiers displayed in the InfoCard are the substance name substance identifiers EC and CAS number andor the molecular formula

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antimony compounds information
antimony compounds information

Antimony It is sometimes found free in nature but is usually obtained from the ores stibnite Sb 2 S 3 and valentinite Sb 2 O 3 Nicolas Lémery a French chemist was the first person to scientifically study antimony and its compounds

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antimony compounds information
antimony compounds information

The six elements commonly known as metalloids are boron silicon germanium arsenic antimony and tellurium Metalloid containing compounds have been used as antiprotozoal drugs Boronbased drugs the benzoxaboroles have been exploited as potential treatments for neglected tropical diseases

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antimony compounds information
antimony compounds information

Quick Facts Gr anti plus monos a metal not found alone antimony was first recognized in compounds and was recorded as a metal at the beginning of the 17th century and possibly prior to this date Properties of antimony Name of Element antimony Symbol of Element Sb Atomic Number of antimony 51 Atomic Mass 121760

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antimony compounds information
antimony compounds information

Facts about Antimony 9 the sources It is not easy to find antimony because it is a rare element on earth You can only find around 02 to 05 part per million of antimony on earth’s crust Learn facts about alkenes here Facts about Antimony 10 usage of antimony Antimony is used to create the infrared detectors and diodes

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antimony compounds information
antimony compounds information

Antimony Sb is a silverwhite brittle solid or a darkgray lustrous powder It can be harmful to the eyes and skin Antimony can also cause problems with the lungs heart and stomach Workers may be harmed from exposure to antimony and its compounds The level of exposure depends upon the dose duration and work being done

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antimony compounds information
antimony compounds information

There are four known allotropes of antimony One of the allotropes the metallic antimony is stable but the other three are metastable One of the metastable forms is explosive antimony and produces white fumes when scratched with a metal object Antimony has two stable isotopes

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